Terrorism itself has a definition as is in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.
Based on the meaning above means that the purposes of terrorism not only for religious, which we usually refer to, but also for political, financial, or ideological aim. Indonesia itself, with the complex religion and belief, recently being the target of terrorism. And most of the actor specified to one the religion, Islam. Like what happened today, terrorism happened in Surabaya, they boomed churches there, where our Christian friends were praying.
Despite having different religious understandings and rituals of worship, I think all believers agree that the act of harming others is the sin, especially eliminating the lives of others. Why are the terrorists mostly the Muslims? Simple, this is because there is a verse that is often misunderstood by a certain group. In the Qur’an, it is commanded to kill the infidels. In Surah Al-Baqarah 191:
وَاقْتُلُوهُمْ حَيْثُ ثَقِفْتُمُوهُمْ وَأَخْرِجُوهُمْ مِنْ حَيْثُ أَخْرَجُوكُمْ ۚ وَالْفِتْنَةُ أَشَدُّ مِنَ الْقَتْلِ ۚ وَلَا تُقَاتِلُوهُمْ عِنْدَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ حَتَّىٰ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِيهِ ۖ فَإِنْ قَاتَلُوكُمْ فَاقْتُلُوهُمْ ۗ كَذَٰلِكَ جَزَاءُ الْكَافِرِينَ
“And slay them wherever ye find them, and drive them out from where they have driven you (Mecca), and the slander is greater danger from murder, and do not fight them in the Grand Mosque unless they fight you in that place If they fight you, then kill them, so reward those who disbelieve. “
Kafir itself according to language is a person who does not believe. Whereas when taken literally, those who do not believe in the existence of Allah (the God of Muslims). Thus, people outside of Islam are kafirs, by definition. Often the verse is used as an excuse to kill non-Muslims. The terrorists who use this proposition assume that they are preparing for jihad, sacrificing themselves to carry out God’s commands.
But what exactly happened? Is it true that the Qur’an is ordered in such a way? NO.
Have you ever done a scientific experiment, but did not follow the step correctly? Isn’t the end result going wrong? Also for those who kill themselves and others without understanding what they were doing. As a guide for human life, we must study the Qur’an in a kaffah, not half by taking some verses to be justified
In Al Baqarah Allah has explained what kind of infidel criticisms should be fought, it means we would not kill any person who has the different belief. The act is very vile and contrary to the principle of Islam as a religion of peace, it’s just there is a misunderstanding on understanding the line of verse. Here is the argument of Allah in Al Baqarah 190:
وَقَاتِلُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ الَّذِينَ يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ وَلَا تَعْتَدُوا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ
“Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not overstep, for Allah loves not those who transgress.”
Yet this verse is only 1 verse before the verse that commands killing the unbelievers. Here it is explained that what we need to fight is the one who is fighting our religion. It is even asserted if the fight does not exceed the limit. So in this argument, it is explained that not all of the kafir criteria must be fought. Only unbelievers who are preventing us from worshiping.
Some time ago I read an article about the story of the former terrorists. On what basis do they commit this crime of humanity? It turns out the root of the problem is “welfare”. It is the welfare that makes them live with vengeance, hatred, and envy. The welfare also makes them vulnerable to extremist groups who spread the notions that justify their actions. Loneliness also has an effect. I remember a few years ago when I was alone in the campus mosque bench, there was a woman in her mid-20s in a very closed dress forced me to give my contact details and invite me to study religion more deeply with her. Fortunately, I quite understand what will happen if I told my identity to that person I barely know.
For this terrorist countermeasures, the government must be really concerned about eradicating extremist movements of a religion. This is quite easy by participation from the public to report suspicious groups. The people must also be able to accept the return of former repentant terrorists, so that they will not repeat their mistakes again. Finally we, as human beings, are rightly devoted to religion in kaffah, so will not be easily influenced by radicalism group with the name of jihad.